DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF PRESCHOOL STUDENT TEACHERS: METHODOLOGY COMPETENCIES
Ljiljana P. Stankov
Sanja D. Vuletić
Mira Ž. Jovanović
The paper deals with the issue of the development and improvement of professional competencies of future preschool teachers with special emphasis on methodical competencies. The aim of this research was to determine how students in the final year of vocational studies evaluated and which level of importance they attached to the competencies considered necessary in pedagogical activities in order to perform the work of a preschool teacher. The research issue is reflected in the question: Are students of the final year of vocational studies empowered with important professional competencies? The research tasks were carried out by analysing the assessment of competencies that the respondents provided using a survey and scaling techniques, as well as instruments such as a questionnaire and a scale of attitudes. The research sample included 73 respondents, students in the third year of undergraduate studies. Students’ assessments point to the importance of developing professional competencies through the implementation of professional practice. The current competence of students is the most important within specific competencies, knowledge, skills and abilities ‒ visual, musical, speech, and drama. Based on the obtained results, in the opinion of students it is essential to focus on: greater representation of professional practice during the course of studies, relation of methods in professional practice with work in other course subjects, professionalism of mentors ‒ preschool teachers and supervising professors, and the pedagogical climate in which activities are carried out. The obtained results show the importance of students’ assessments and opinions on the role of professional practice in improving competencies directed at their quality training for the future vocation of competent preschool teachers.
Keywords: professional competence of preschool teachers, professional competence,development.
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